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President Wesner address City Council
15 use-of-force cases every cop needs to know
"Risk comes from not knowing what you're doing" — Warren Buffet
Mar 18, 2016
- Understanding use of force case law will help you train your officers to act within the confines of the law. Knowing these cases will help train you on how to investigate use of force. Understanding what SCOTUS and lower courts have said will also help you educate the public on exactly what cops are able to do and how that looks.
Here are 15 use-of-force cases that every department and elected official must know, understand, use, and preach. The following are just the names and a quick one-line explanation. Do your homework with a thorough examination of each.
1. Graham v. Connor — This is the essential use of force rubric in the country.
2. Tennessee v. Garner — Addresses deadly force to prevent escape.
3. Terry v. Ohio — Established the legality of so-called “Stop & Frisk” searches.
4. Plakas v. Drinski — No constitutional duty to use lesser force when deadly force is authorized.
5. Pena v. Leombruni — Addresses suspect’s known mental state regarding force.
6. Thompson v. Hubbard — Case where suspect appeared to be drawing a gun and no gun found.
7. Smith v. Freland — Examined policy violation but no violation of Constitutional law.
8. Bush v. City of Tallahassee — Addresses excessive force applied through Graham.
9. Green v. N.J. State Police — Addresses excessive force applied through Graham.
10. Forrett v. Richardson — Unarmed fleeing felon applied through Tennessee v. Garner.
11. Elliot v. Leavitt — Addresses 20/20 hindsight on officer shooting.
12. Brown v. United States — The original (1921) Graham v. Connor style decision.
13. Wardlaw v. Pickett — Punching an approaching verbally argumentative person.
14. City of Canton v. Harris — Addresses liability and “failure to train.”
15. Powpow v. Margate — Addresses shooting an innocent person (training).
Don’t Just Train Your Officers — Train Everyone
Educating the public on police operations — especially use of force — is going to be the next big thing for quite some time. Furthermore, by understanding this case law we are giving officers an understanding of the legal ground on which they stand so they do not have to be afraid to use it. In today’s climate we’re seeing too many officers not reacting like they should and getting seriously hurt or killed. This trend has recently been coined as “deadly hesitation.”
It’s chalked up to a lack of understanding of the law and a lack of courage on behalf of communities to back their officers. All of this could be fixed by well-informed chiefs, mayors, council members, reporters, and officers.
Do not assume that judges and district attorneys know and understand use of force case law like you do. This is not their fault. It is something they rarely touch. They can prosecute a drunk driver or domestic violence arrest in their sleep but a police shooting rarely (if ever) comes across their desk. Are you a master of every facet of your job?
Don’t let your district attorney base their charging decisions off of a lack of understanding of the law and how it works. You may find it useful to comb through the aforementioned cases with your local DA to help foster an environment of understanding all the way around. I would suggest doing it before an event rather than after.
There are several other important cases out there — the 15 listed above are just a few of the big ones. This is in no way a comprehensive list. If you know of current cases regarding use of force please leave them in the comment section below for all of us to review.
Retirement Ready Workshop
* Dinner will be provided *
* Spouses and significant others welcome *
R.S.V.P. to Ryan Tucci by email email@example.com or
303-694-1900 Ext. 330
Please R.S.V.P. by March 28th, 2016
When cops pull the trigger in some cities, they aren't questioned for days
Park County sheriff's deputy killed, two others wounded in shootout
Our thoughts and prayers of the APA arewith Park County Community and the loved ones of the injured Deputies and fallen Deputy this afternoon!
Aurora Police Officer Tom Faustin and his wife were expecting the arrival of their second child in December of 2015. While waiting for the arrival of their son, Brian Faustin, Tom was diagnosed with Stage 3 colon cancer. Since the birth of Tom’s son, Tom has been undergoing Chemotherapy and Radiation treatment and will be reciving surgery to remove the cancer sometime in the spring. Between the birth of their son and the cancer treatment, medical bills have been piling up.
Tom and his family are long time active members of their church and are always willing to give, never expect anything in return, and Tom is literally ready to lay down his life in the pursuit of keeping the community safe.
It is time to give back to such a wonderful family that we all love in their extreme time of need. This fund has been set up for the Faustin's as they would never ask for something like this on their own.
Aurora police union shocked by lesser convictions for man who shot cop
Aurora police union condemns jury decision, courtroom dress code in officer shooting case
Aurora Police Association – press release (2/8/16)
The Aurora Police Association Board of Directors would like to convey our shock, concern and disappointment in regards to the recent court decision involving the shooting of one of our officers, Ryan Burns. The Aurora Police Association represents the majority of the brave women and men of the Aurora Police Department. Our officers now feel as though the ever-present targets on our backs just became larger and brighter due to the jury’s verdict in Adams County Court case 2014CR3408.
Somehow the jury was led to believe that the actions of the defendant, (we will not glorify this cowardly individual by mentioning his name) were reckless in nature rather than a blatant attempt to murder and seriously injure the uniformed police officer he shot. The offender, who previously was on probation, was in possession of a handgun and made eye contact with Officer Burns before shooting him. As Officer Burns approached the offender in a stolen vehicle the offender intentionally shot him. This criminal act was somehow interpreted by the jury as a reckless act worthy of a much lesser charge of attempted manslaughter.
If it was not for the heroic lifesaving efforts of his car partner and responding officers, Officer Ryan Burns would have died at the scene according to medical doctors at the hospital.
There are many possible causes for this miscarriage of justice but we have to believe that the directions received by the jury from the judge were faulty at worst or misunderstood at best. This judge also ordered that all Aurora Police Officers who attended the proceedings or testified would not be allowed to wear their police uniform. The same uniform that our sisters and brothers in Law Enforcement have died for, bared the blood of countless victims during the Century 16 theater massacre, and wiped our own blood off of after being assaulted during arrests. Judge Robert Walker Kiesnowski Jr., deemed the uniforms worn by police officers to be too prejudicial to the jury. The judge’s decision to ban uniformed officers from the court room was a slap in the face to all of law enforcement professionals who proudly wear their uniform and bare the duty, integrity and professionalism it resembles.
We can only hope that Judge Kiesnowski will impose upon the offender the maximum sentence allowed by law. Only then will there be some solace for Officer Burns, his family and his Law Enforcement sisters and brothers. The sentencing hearing is scheduled for March 15th, 2016 at 8:30 AM in Rm#406 at the Adams County Justice Center. The Aurora Police Association encourages its sister and brothers in Law Enforcement to attend in uniform and show your support.
Aurora Police Association – President
1010 S. Joliet St. Suite 102
Aurora, CO 80012
The Tour de Force was founded in 2002 as a memorial bicycle ride to honor the victims of 9/11. It has evolved into a four day, 275 mile ride, in which 300 law enforcement officers from across the U.S. an abroad, along with some family and friends, participate to raise funds for the families of law enforcement officers killed in the line of duty. Each and every participant, support team member and staff, raise funds and put in a lot of work throughout the year to make this event a huge success.
Without the continued support from our generous supporters and their dedication to our cause, this event would not be possible. Thank you for making a special gift, that will enrich the lives of those left behind.